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Crisis Intervention Teams

2010 End of Year Survey Results of CIT Programs in North Carolina

Introduction
At the end of year 2010, a survey was conducted of the existing Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) programs in our state.  Respondents were asked to provide their best estimate of the total number of participating law enforcement agencies, the names of these agencies, and the number of CIT law enforcement officers their programs trained by January 1, 2011.  There are currently twenty-two (22) programs that have held CIT trainings in North Carolina, and surveys have been received from all of these CIT programs.

Results
The results from the twenty-two CIT programs currently in North Carolina are as follows:

  • Total number of law enforcement officers CIT certified by 1/1/ 2011: 3,032
  • Number of law enforcement agencies participating in CIT by 1/1/2011: 242
  • Total number of telecommunicators (dispatchers) trained by 1/1/2011: 381
  • Total number of others who how have received CIT training by 1/1/2011: 253

These results, when compared to results from 2009, indicate that an additional 897 CIT officers became CIT certified in calendar year 2010, resulting in an increase of 47% from the previous year, and that an additional 71 law enforcement agencies began participating in a CIT program in North Carolina in 2010, representing a 58% increase from the previous year in the number of law enforcement agencies participating in a CIT program.

There are approximately 14,549 police officers and 7,683 sheriff’s deputies in North Carolina, or a total of 22,232 law enforcement officers in the state.   The proportion of these North Carolina law enforcement officers that were CIT certified by January 1, 2011 was almost 14%.

The names of law enforcement agencies participating in a CIT program by 1/1/2011, organized alphabetically by LME, the number of law enforcement officers in the LME catchment area, the number of those officers in each LME who are CIT trained, and the proportion of CIT officers to total number of officers in each LME, are as follows:

There are a total of 373 law enforcement officers in the Alamance-Caswell LME (Alamance and Caswell counties), and 82 of those officers (22%) are CIT certified.  Officers from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Alamance County Sheriffs Office
  2. Burlington Police Department
  3. Caswell County Sheriff’s Office
  4. Eden Police Department*
  5. Elon Police Department
  6. Elon University Police Department
  7. Gibsonville Police Department
  8. Graham Police Department
  9. Haw River Police Department
  10. Madison Police Department*
  11. Mayodan Police Department*
  12. Mebane Police Department
  13. Reidsville Police Department*
  14. Rockingham Community College Police Department
  15. Rockingham County Sheriffs Office

There are a total of 704 law enforcement officers in the Beacon LME (Edgecombe, Greene, Nash, and Wilson counties), and 120 of those officers (17%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Nash County Sheriff’s Office
  2. Nashville Police Department
  3. Rocky Mount Police Department
  4. Tarboro Police Department
  5. Wilson County Sheriff’s Office
  6. Wilson Police Department

There are a total of 1,107 law enforcement officers in the CenterPoint LME (Davie, Forsyth, and Stokes counties), and 246 of those officers (22%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Eden Police Department*
  2. Forsyth County Sheriff’s Office
  3. Kernersville Police Department
  4. Madison Police Department
  5. Mayodan Police Department
  6. Mocksville Police Department
  7. Reidsville Police Department*
  8. Rockingham County Sheriff’s Office
  9. Salem College Public Safety
  10. Stokes County Sheriff’s Office
  11. Wake Forest University Campus Police Department
  12. Winston-Salem Police Department
  13. Winston-Salem State University Campus Police Department

There are a total of 452 law enforcement officers in the Crossroads LME (Iredell, Surry, and Yadkin counties), and 43 of those officers (10%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Booneville Police Department
  2. Dobson Police Department
  3. Elkin Police Department Iredell County Sheriff’s Office Jonesville
  4. Police Department Mooresville Police Dept
  5. Mount Airy Police Dept
  6. Northern Surry Hospital Security
  7. Pilot Mountain Police Department
  8. Statesville Police Dept.
  9. Surry County Sheriff’s Office
  10. Troutman Police Department
  11. Yadkinville Police Department
  12. Yadkin County Sheriff’s Office

There are a total of 343 law enforcement officers in the Cumberland LME (Cumberland County), and 101 of those officers (29%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Cape Fear Valley Medical Center Police Department
  2. Cumberland County Sheriff’s Office
  3. Fayetteville Police Department
  4. Fayetteville VA Medical Center Police Department
  5. Methodist University Police Department
  6. Pope Air Force Base – Security / Police Department

There are a total of 699 law enforcement officers in the Durham LME (Durham County), and  180 of those officers (26%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Duke University Police Department
  2. Durham Police Department
  3. Durham County Sheriff’s Office
  4. Durham Veteran’s Administration Police Department
  5. NC Central University Campus Police Department

There are a total of 1,081 law enforcement officers in the East Carolina Behavioral Health LME (Beaufort, Bertie, Craven, Gates, Hertford, Jones, Northampton, Pamlico, and Pitt counties), and 201 of those officers (19%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Ayden Police Department
  2. Beaufort County Sheriff’s Office
  3. Camden County Sheriff’s Office
  4. Craven Regional Medical Center
  5. Dare County Sheriff’s Office
  6. East Carolina University Police Department
  7. Elizabeth City Police Department
  8. Greenville Police Department
  9. Havelock Police Department
  10. Pasquotank County Sheriff’s Office
  11. Pitt County Memorial Hospital
  12. Pitt County Sheriff’s Office
  13. Princeville Police Department
  14. Pungo District Hospital Police Department / Security
  15. Winterville Police Department
  16. Woodland Police Department
  17. North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation

There are a total of 621 law enforcement officers in the Eastpointe LME (Duplin, Lenoir, Sampson, and Wayne counties), and 65 of those officers (10%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Cherry Hospital Police Department
  2. Clinton Police Department
  3. Duplin County Sheriff’s Office
  4. Goldsboro City Police Department
  5. Kinston Police Department
  6. Lenoir County Sheriff’s Office
  7. Sampson County Sheriff’s Office
  8. Wayne County Sheriff’s Office

There are a total of 563 law enforcement officers in Five County LME (Franklin, Granville, Halifax, Vance, and Warren counties), and 104 of those officers (18%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Bunn Police Department
  2. Butner Public Safety Department
  3. Creedmoor Police Department
  4. Enfield Police Department
  5. Franklin County. Sheriff’s Office
  6. Franklinton Police Department
  7. Granville County Sheriff’s Office
  8. Halifax County Sheriff’s Office
  9. Henderson Police Department.
  10. Littleton Police Department
  11. Norlina Police Department
  12. Oxford Police Department.
  13. Roanoke Rapids Police Department.
  14. Vance County Sheriffs Office
  15. Warren County Sheriff’s Office
  16. Weldon Police Department

There are a total of 1,047 law enforcement officers in the Guilford LME (Guilford County), and 46 of those officers (4%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Greensboro Police Department
  2. Guilford County Sheriff’s Office
  3. High Point Police Department
  4. NC A & T University Campus Police Department
  5. UNC – Greensboro Campus Police Department

There are a total of 541 law enforcement officers in the Mecklenburg LME (Mecklenburg County), and 267 of those officers (49%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department
  2. Huntersville Police Department
  3. Matthews Police Department
  4. County Sheriff’s Office
  5. Mint Hill Police Department
  6. UNC – Charlotte Campus Police Department
  7. Veteran's Administration Police Department

There are a total of 601 law enforcement officers in the Mental Health Partners LME (Catawba and Burke counties), and 80 of those officers (13%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Brookford Police Department
  2. Burke County Sheriffs Office
  3. Catawba County Sheriffs Office
  4. Catawba Police Department
  5. Police Department
  6. Conover Police Department
  7. Drexel Public Safety
  8. Hickory Police Department
  9. Longview Police Department
  10. Maiden Police Department
  11. Morganton Public Safety
  12. Newton Police Department
  13. Valdese Public Safety

There are a total of 552 law enforcement officers in the Onslow LME (Carteret and Onslow counties), and 60 of those officers (11%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Atlantic Beach Police Department
  2. Camp Lejeune Military Police
  3. Carteret County Sheriff’s Office
  4. Ellis Airport Police Department
  5. Emerald Isle Police Department
  6. Jacksonville Police Department
  7. Marine Corps Police Department
  8. North Topsail Police Department
  9. Onslow County Sheriff’s Office
  10. Provost Marshalls
  11. Richlands Police Department
  12. Swansboro Police Department

There are a total of 323 law enforcement officers in the OPC LME (Orange, Person, and Chatham counties), and 65 of those officers (20%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Carrboro Police Department
  2. Chapel Hill Police Department
  3. Durham Tech Public Safety
  4. Hillsborough Police Department
  5. Orange County Sheriff’s Office
  6. Pittsboro Police Department
  7. Roxboro Police Department
  8. UNC – Chapel Hill Public Safety

There are a total of 927 law enforcement officers in the Pathways LME (Gaston, Lincoln, and Cleveland counties), and 18 of those officers (2%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Cleveland County Sheriff’s Office
  2. Shelby Police Department

There are a total of 1,527 law enforcement officers in the PBH LME (Cabarrus, Davidson, Rowan, Stanley, and Union counties), and 317 of those officers (21%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Albemarle Police Department
  2. Cabarrus County Sheriff’s Office
  3. Concord Police Department
  4. Davidson County Sheriff’s Office
  5. Kannapolis Police Department
  6. Lexington Police Department
  7. Monroe Police Department
  8. Rowan County Sheriff’s Office
  9. Salisbury Police Department
  10. Stanly County Sheriff’s Office
  11. Union County Sheriff’s Office
  12. Wingate Police Department

There are a total of 1,154 law enforcement officers in the Sandhills LME (Anson, Harnett, Hoke, Lee, Montgomery, Moore, Randolph, and Richmond counties), and 166 of those officers (14%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Aberdeen Police Department
  2. Asheboro Police Department
  3. Carthage Police Department
  4. Eighty Second (82nd) Airborne Military Police
  5. First Health – Moore Regional Hospital Security
  6. Fort Bragg (Dept. of the Army) Civilian Police Department
  7. Harnett County Sheriff’s Office
  8. Hoke County Sheriff’s Office
  9. Laurinburg Police Department 
  10. Moore County Sheriff’s Office
  11. Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office
  12. Mount Gilead Police Department
  13. Pinehurst Police Department
  14. Randleman Police Department
  15. Randolph County Sheriff’s Office
  16. Sandford Police Department
  17. Sandhills Community College Security
  18. Southern Pines Police Department
  19. Taylortown Police Department

There are a total of 1,018 law enforcement officers in the Smoky Mountain Center LME (Alleghany, Alexander, Ashe, Avery, Caldwell, Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, Macon, McDowell, Swain, Watauga, and Wilkes counties), and 58 of those officers (6%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Alexander County Sheriff’s Office
  2. Avery County Sheriff’s Office
  3. ASU Police Department
  4. Banner Elk Police Department
  5. Boone Police Department
  6. Caldwell County Sheriff’s Office
  7. Cherokee County Sheriff’s Office
  8. Clay County Sheriff’s Office
  9. Franklin Police Department
  10. Haywood County Sheriff’s Office
  11. Lenoir Police Department
  12. Macon County Sheriff’s Office
  13. Marion Police Department
  14. McDowell County Sheriff’s Office
  15. Murphy Police Department
  16. North Wilksboro Police Department
  17. Watauga County Sheriff’s Office
  18. Waynesville Police Department
  19. Western Carolina University (WCU) Police Department
  20. Wilkes County Sheriff’s Office

There are a total of 1,106 law enforcement officers in the Southeastern Center LME (Brunswick, New Hanover, and Pender counties), and 150 of those officers (14%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Brunswick County Sheriff’s Office
  2. Kure Beach Police Department
  3. Leland Police Department
  4. New Hanover County Sheriff’s Office
  5. New Hanover Regional Medical Center Special Police
  6. Pender County Sheriff’s Department
  7. Southport Police Department
  8. Surf City Police Department
  9. Wilmington Police Department
  10. Wrightsville Beach Police Department

There are a total of 633 law enforcement officers in the Southeastern Regional LME (Bladen, Columbus, Robeson and Scotland counties), and 58 of those officers (9%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Bladen County Sheriff’s Office
  2. Columbus County Sheriff’s Office
  3. Elizabethtown Police Department
  4. Fairmont Police Department
  5. Laurinburg Police Department
  6. Lumberton Police Department
  7. Maxton Police Department
  8. Robeson County Sheriff’s Office
  9. Tabor City Police Department
  10. UNC – Pembroke Campus Police Department
  11.  Whiteville Police Department

There are a total of 1,840 law enforcement officers in the Wake LME (Wake County), and 476 of those officers (26%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Apex Police Department
  2. Cary Police Department
  3. Fuquay-Varina Police Department
  4. Garner Police Department
  5. Holly Springs Police Department
  6. Knightdale Police Department
  7. Morrisville Police Department
  8. NC General Assembly Police Department
  9. NC State University Police Department
  10. Raleigh Police Department
  11. RDU Airport Police Department
  12. Rolesville Police Department
  13. SAS Police Department
  14. State Capitol Police Department
  15. Wake County Sheriff’s Office
  16. Wake Forest Police Department
  17. Wendell Police Department
  18. Zebulon Police Department

There are a total of 1,252 law enforcement officers in the Western Highlands LME (Buncombe, Henderson, Madison, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Transylvania, and Yancey counties), and 129 of those officers (10%) from the following agencies have been CIT trained:

  1. Asheville Police Department
  2. Brevard Police Department
  3. Buncombe County Sheriff’s Office
  4. Henderson County Sheriff’s Office
  5. Polk County Sheriff’s Office
  6. Transylvania County Sheriff’s Office

Summary
Although great progress has been made in disseminating CIT throughout the state, much remains to be done.

Penetration of CIT in law enforcement agencies remains uneven; with some agencies having sufficient numbers of CIT trained officers, and other agencies having few or no CIT trained officers.

In addition, many agencies participating in CIT have yet to establish protocols, implement procedures, and provide training to telecommunicators to assure that CIT officers are dispatched on all “mental disturbance” calls. Furthermore, the ability of local mental health systems to provide a drop off capacity and a quick turnaround for law enforcement varies greatly throughout the state.

Measuring progress in these areas requires the consistent collection of data on penetration rates of CIT for each law enforcement agency, and on numbers of telecommunicators trained in each area.

These data are only now beginning to be collected, and are reported on the survey forms submitted by each LME, and attached to this End of Year Report. Data is also needed on turnaround times for law enforcement when bringing persons to treatment. Persons interested in obtaining technical assistance in establishing a process for collecting these data should contact Dr. Kurtz at the phone number or email address listed below.

As CIT programs in North Carolina mature and expand, we hope that their local data collection efforts mature and expand with them, enabling us to provide a more complete and useful North Carolina CIT end-of-year report.

Questions about these survey results should be addressed to Bob Kurtz, Ph.D., by telephone at 919 / 715-2771 or via email at bob.kurtz@dhhs.nc.gov

Others include other first responders, such as fire fighters and Emergency Medical Staff (EMS), magistrates, probation officers, and officers from police departments in neighboring states.

Statistics obtained from the North Carolina Dept. of Justice, Training and Standards Division.

The Mayodan, Madison, Eden, and Reidsville Police Departments and Rockingham County Sheriff’s Office participated in the Alamance CIT program in 2009, but joined the CenterPoint CIT program in the later part of 2009, and will be participating in CenterPoint’s CIT program in 2010.

Click here to obtain the raw data submitted from the LMEs, upon which this 2010 End of Year report is based.

 

 

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